Food Products As Sources of Nutrition
Food scientists constantly come up with new food products, make food safer and develop better ways to preserve and package it; they always deal with food as soon as it reaches the dinner table of ordinary consumers. Thanks to this, job opportunities in food science are almost limitless because of the need for these professionals to create new food products for grocery stores, restaurants and other retail food establishments. These scientists are usually very detail oriented and must work well with others in a team environment to achieve their goals. Because of the need of these professionals in the food industry, they are usually working in research and development facilities as well. As long as there is food to be processed, manufactured and eaten, there will always be jobs in food science.
The field of food science covers almost everything that has to do with food manufacturing, processing and sale. You can study how animals are fed and what goes into their meat or milk; you can also study how supermarkets store their products and how they use packaging techniques that hold up over time. Processed meat and dairy are just some examples of the types of products that are created by these scientists. Aside from meat and dairy, these graduates can also work in research and development on things like genetically modified foods, fat-free foods and even foods that are considering organic. In addition, they can also work in animal feed facilities and in hospitals where food products are produced and tested before being distributed to consumers.
As more food products are manufactured and eaten, fats in them become a big problem. During the middle ages, fats were not part of the everyday meals people ate, since it was associated with Christianity because it is believed that fats will lead to death. However, it is now part of everyday diets because it provides energy to perform certain tasks or to fight off colds. People with diabetes or high blood pressure should definitely avoid fats in their diet, since fats will make their blood vessels to clog. Fats can be avoided by choosing lean meats and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Although meat products such as poultry or pork are considered a staple food, people’s tastes have changed over time. For instance, one of the most popular dishes in the United Kingdom is chorizo or the Spanish sausage, which is made with Spanish ham and white pepper. China, in addition to horses and pigs, is another source of meat products. Sausage patties and other types of sausages used to be viewed as poor quality, but they are now considered as part of the standard fare in some countries. Due to globalization, food production has spread all across the globe and it is now possible to buy meat products that come from all over the world.
One of the main reasons why food products are mass produced is to meet the demands of a global target market that is much smaller than what local markets can provide. For example, an Indian market does not have the same number of dishes that an American market has, as Chinese and Japanese foods are much larger and their ingredients are different as well. This means that for a Chinese or Japanese dish, the ingredients would need to be prepared in a manner that is acceptable to that particular country’s food products market. The same principle holds true for meat products, which have been prepared differently in various countries due to cultural differences.
The preparation of food products is also dictated by the availability of water and electricity. Manufactures tend to produce chicken or beef in large amounts because these foods require a lot of water, making them very drought resistant and also causes less energy consumption. Fruits and vegetables will not remain fresh if they are not stored properly in refrigerators and this means that meat products will require more storage space. Plastic is still used extensively to preserve meat products, although this will not be likely to reduce over-production of dairy products due to the popularity of many types of dairy foods.